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US Legislations to regulate forensic science
So the question is, do you grandfather everyone in to such a standards certification or would every one have to go through the process? Or is there a threshold that some would meet based on experience, training, and certifications that would be granfathered in? The DFCB has done a good job with establishing that kind of criteria.
I think it would be preferable to avoid a grandfathering process; it would call into question the quality of the certification if existing practitioners were given a bye on the basis of prior experience and/or training and/or certifications. If there is to be a commonly accepted baseline certification (or series of certifications) for DF practitioners then I think all of us need to be directly assessed according to common criteria.
I also think any certification should be subject to regular and substantive renewal: DF is changing more rapidly than many established professions such that a certification that I'm fit to practise in 2012 will not be a reliable indicator of my fitness to practise in 2020.
- Senior Member
The U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced today the establishment of a National Commission on Forensic Science as part of a new initiative to strengthen and enhance the practice of forensic science.
The commission will have responsibility for developing guidance concerning the intersections between forensic science and the courtroom and developing policy recommendations, including uniform codes for professional responsibility and requirements for training and certification.
As a non-regulatory agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce, NIST promotes U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.
- Senior Member
- Senior Member
Following is a bill at the state level in Massachusetts. Pay attention to who are the members of the commission.
SECTION 1. Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary all forensic sciences laboratories providing analysis of drugs, DNA, or any other evidence to be used in any delinquency adjudication or criminal trial or conviction shall be independent and shall not be influenced in any way by any law enforcement authority or agency, or prosecutorial or defense authority or entity.
Oversight of any and all such forensic sciences laboratories shall be conducted by the Massachusetts Forensic Sciences Audit, Oversight, and Advisory Commission as established by section 184A of chapter 6. The oversight of any and all such forensic sciences laboratories by the Massachusetts Forensic Sciences Advisory Commission shall be to audit the work of all such laboratories to prevent the purposeful mishandling of evidence, encourage efforts to eliminate sources of human error in forensic examinations, ensure that the best forensic processes and procedures are utilized, and assure that proper accreditation is maintained.
All forensic sciences laboratories used for the examination and testing of evidence shall be accredited by an accrediting body that requires conformance to forensic specific requirements and which is a signatory to the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) Mutual Recognition Arrangement for Testing for the submission, identification, analysis, and storage of forensic analyses. All forensic sciences professionals employed by any such forensic sciences laboratories shall be required to obtain individual certification consistent with international and ISO standards. All such forensic science professionals shall have access to the certification process.
SECTION 2. There shall be the position of forensic sciences laboratory ombudsman in the executive office of public safety and security. The primary purpose of this position shall be to work with defense counsel, prosecutorial agencies, criminal justice system stakeholders, law enforcement, and the general public to ensure all processes, procedures, practices, and protocols at forensic sciences laboratories are consistent with state and federal law, best forensic law practices, and in the best interest of justice. The forensic sciences laboratory ombudsman shall mediate complaints that involve a dispute between any forensic sciences laboratory and defense counsel, prosecutorial agencies, law enforcement, or the general public. The forensic sciences laboratory ombudsman shall ensure that all criminal justice stakeholders and the general public are aware of the availability, responsibilities, and role of the forensic sciences laboratory ombudsman and shall regularly attend meetings of the Massachusetts district attorneys association, district and superior court judges, the committee for public counsel services, the Massachusetts bar association, and other local and regional bar associations within the commonwealth.
SECTION 3. Section 184A of chapter 6 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2010 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking said section and inserting in place thereof the following new section:-
Section 184A. Massachusetts Forensic Sciences Audit, Oversight, and Advisory Commission.
There shall be in the executive office of public safety and security a forensic sciences audit, oversight, and advisory commission, hereinafter called the commission, which shall review and audit the operations of forensic sciences laboratories within the commonwealth on a quarterly basis. Upon such review and audit of a forensic sciences laboratory the commission shall make recommendations to the director of such laboratory in order to improve the quality of work by such laboratory and ensure that all appropriate protocols and procedures are being followed. In addition, the commission shall make further recommendations, which shall include, but shall not be limited to the following: a.) new scientific programs, protocols, and methods of testing;
b.) plans for the implementation of new programs, sustaining existing programs, and the elimination of programs that are no longer needed;
c.) protocols for testing and examination methods and guidelines for the presentation of results in court;
d.) qualification standards for the various forensic scientists of the laboratory; and
e.) when necessary, a review process to use when there is a request that a laboratory retest or reexamine evidence previously examined by the laboratory. Further, the commission shall conduct a bi-annual investigation and submit a report of the results of such investigation to the secretary of the executive office of public safety and security and the clerks of the senate and house of representatives on the volume of forensic services required by each county, including costs and length of time from submission for testing or procedures and return of results; the capacity of the commonwealth’s forensic services and funding requirements; the accreditation of forensic facilities and training of personnel; and the need for additional facilities.
The commission is authorized to review analytical work, reports, and conclusions of scientists employed by a laboratory. Records reviewed by the commission shall remain confidential and continue to be considered records of a criminal investigation, which shall be reviewed only in a closed session meeting of the commission, and each member of the commission shall, prior to receiving any documents for review, sign a confidentiality agreement, under the pains and penalties of perjury, stipulating that such member shall maintain confidentiality of and not disclose the documents or the contents of such documents.
The commission shall consist of 16 members and shall include the undersecretary of public safety for forensic sciences and 15 persons appointed by the governor as follows: a forensic scientist or any other person with an advanced degree who has received substantial education, training, or experience in the subject of laboratory standards or quality assurance regulation and monitoring; the chief medical examiner of the commonwealth; a forensic scientist with an advanced degree who has received substantial education, training, or experience in the discipline of molecular biology; a forensic scientist with an advanced degree who has experience in the discipline of population genetics; a scientist with an advanced degree who has experience in the discipline of forensic chemistry; a scientist with an advanced degree who has experience in the discipline of forensic biology; a forensic scientist or any other person with an advanced degree who has received substantial education, training, or experience in the discipline of trace evidence; a scientist with a doctoral degree who has experience in the discipline of forensic toxicology and is certified by the American Board of Forensic Toxicologists; a member of the International Association of Identification; a member of the Association of Firearms and Toolmark Examiners; a member of the International Association for Chemical Testing; a director of a private or federal forensic laboratory located in the commonwealth; a member of the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors; a member of the Academy of Forensic Sciences; and a member of the American Statistical Association.
The chairman of the commission shall be elected from among the members appointed. Staff shall be provided by the executive office of public safety and security.
The 15 members initially appointed by the governor shall serve the following terms as determined by the governor: five members shall serve a term of two years; five members shall serve a term of three years; and five members shall serve a term of four years. Thereafter, all appointments shall be for a term of four years. A vacancy other than by expiration of term shall be filled by the governor for the unexpired term.
The commission shall meet quarterly and at such other times and places as it determines. Members shall not designate a proxy to vote in their absence.
Members of the commission shall be compensated for reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. Members of the commission who are public officers or employees shall not receive any compensation for serving on the commission, but may be reimbursed for expenses incurred in the execution of their duties.
- Senior Member
I would say that at this time the Commission doesn't provide the necessary structure needed to bring digital forensics under one roof as far as the Feds are concerned. I share the earlier thoughts of the fragmentation within the digital forensics realm perpetuating the very problem we need to solve - having a recognized authority much like the Bar as mentioned or even like the American Medical Association.
Hopefully the organizations in the response will make headway. Time will tell for now...
Preston Coleman, MFS, GCFE, EnCE
"The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing" - Edmund Burke