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Digital Forensics Software
Forensic Toolkit (FTK) is a database-driven software which performs a wide variety of functions including forensic imaging, registry analysis, decryption of files and password cracking. Its data visualisation options include timeline screenshots formatted for inclusion in case reports, and graphical representations of between-domain communications. FTK can also analyse flesh tones, shapes and orientation for explicit image detection, and analyse suspect binaries without requiring a full malware team.
Triage-G2 is aimed at military and intelligence agents, and can be used to set up customised scans, including the creation of search profiles and SearchPaks. The software is deployed using a small USB drive that can be prepared beforehand or in the field. Preconfigured search profiles make it easy for non-technical operators to use. Triage-G2 supports multiple software platforms including Windows, Mac and Linux. It also includes a stealth mode for investigating live computers.
Triage-Examiner provides a solution for forensic examiners and trained investigators. It includes many of the same features as Triage-G2, including the ability to scan SD cards and external digital media, and the creation of SearchPaks. Using ADF’s ActivitySensor, it scans a suspect drive and divides files into four categories: high value, preferred location, allocated and deleted. Collected data can be viewed immediately or stored for later analysis.
Recommended for general investigators and border agents, Triage-Responder is available on a USB dongle and can run scans on both live and dead computers. It is aimed at less experienced users and as such is set up with preconfigured search profiles for ease of use. Digital evidence can be viewed immediately on suspect computers running on Windows, Mac or Linux, and reports are exported in HTML format.
Cellebrite’s Universal Forensic Extraction Device (UFED) allows for extraction, analysis and reporting of data from mobile phones. It supports a wide range of devices and operating systems, including iOS, Android, RIM, portable GPS devices and replica devices with Chinese chipsets. UFED bypasses pattern locks and PINs on Android devices, decodes BBM data and other communications made via Blackberry handsets, and obtains both existing and deleted data including passwords, call history, text messages and location information.
Adroit Photo Forensics
Adroit image carving software allows investigators to recover images from hard drives, drive images and external memory devices. The batch processing option allows investigators to analyse multiple cases simultaneously, and case details can be automatically generated based on preselected evidence. Images can be carved from several areas including file system, unallocated space and fragmented files. MD5 or SHA1/SHA256 hashes can be generated from the recovered photos, which can then be exported into FTK.
EnCase software supports data acquisition from several operating systems including iOS, Windows for PC, Android, RIM, Windows Mobile and SIM cards. The Evidence Processor allows users to search across multiple devices simultaneously, create templates based on previous cases, and analyse data origins, user activity and timelines. Prioritised processing allows for subsets of evidence to be processed while the remainder is paused or processed in the background. Other EnCase solutions include Enterprise for remote investigations, and Portable, which can be installed on a USB device.
Internet Evidence Finder
Internet Evidence Finder (IEF) is available as either a Standard or Advanced package. The Standard package covers Windows and Mac devices, and performs data carving from social networking sites, instant messenger conversations, cloud-based storage systems, file sharing apps and several other locations. The Advanced version includes all of the same features, with added support for carving data from iOS and Android applications.
Nuix Investigator Workstation
Workstation allows investigators to triage, process and analyse data sets, as well as automatically detecting key items such as contact details, social security data and credit card numbers. It supports a variety of data sources including computer hard drives, smartphones, memory cards, email accounts and cloud-based storage systems. Its pre-filter option examines email and locally stored documents, bringing the most critical information to the forefront for quick examination.
Nuix Investigator Lab
Nuix Lab provides a software solution for groups of investigators who are working on the same case. It allows up to five users to collaborate remotely on an investigation and includes several options for portable forensic analysis. Extraction of data from several sources at one time, including forensic images, Microsoft SharePoint, email services and mobile file systems is also available. For smaller groups of investigators, Nuix Investigator Reviewer provides similar capabilities with fewer licenses.
Oxygen Forensic Suite
Oxygen Forensic Suite comes in Standard and Analyst packages, and includes a SQLite Viewer which allows exploration of database files, and automated rooting of Android devices. Web connections can be analysed and geographical coordinates can be viewed in Google Earth. The Analyst package provides several more options, including the possibility of aggregating contacts from multiple sources, dictionaries that show all the words that have been entered into a device, and a social graph showing connections between individuals and groups of people. There is also specific support provided for replica devices, particularly those popular in the Asian mobile market.
An extraction and analysis system for mobile forensics, Device Seizure allows logical extraction of user data including passwords, call logs, SMS and contacts. Physical acquisitions are also possible for many devices, including Android and GPS systems. GPS coordinates from navigation devices and mobile phones can be viewed in Google Earth for ease of use. Paraben also provide a SIM Card Seizure option for investigators who only want to acquire data from SIMs.
P2 Commander works across several areas of forensic investigation, including email analysis, with the ability to recover deleted messages; chat log and internet file analysis to piece together conversations and browsing history; and registry analysis with Data Triage, which automatically parses user information from system files to save time during investigations. The specialised pornography detection algorithms can determine whether, and where, illicit images are stored.
Paraben’s Email and Chat Examiners allow users to examine hundreds of different formats, including Outlook, Thunderbird, Windows Mail, ICQ, and Skype. Email Examiner analyses headers, bodies and attachments, and can recover deleted items. Both products allow comprehensive searching and can be converted to different formats or exported for review.
Reconnoitre parses data from forensic images, including RAW, dd and EnCase, and displays the data within the context of the investigator’s file system. It identifies which parts of a file came from different VSCs, shows alterations and deletions, and provides the history of a file across VSCs. Maps are available for any pictures containing GPS data, and users can sort outputs to show pictures taken within a specified distance of any given picture.
SkypeAlyzer allows investigators to analyse Skype profiles, contacts, voicemails and messages via both .dbb and main.db Skype files. Timelines showing details of calls, chats and file transfers can be generated and extracted as HTML reports. It is also possible to recover deleted Skype records from an image file, or a physical or logical disk.
Discovery Attender automates the collection of stored information across Windows platforms. Features include identification of payment card industry and personally identifiable information in files and email; extraction of messages and attachments from Microsoft Exchange Mailboxes, online archives and public folders; and several keyword options including proximity, multi-word phrases and Boolean with wildcards. Results can also be de-duplicated based on custom values including MD5 hash.
Image and Video Analysis
Amped FIVE provides tools to analyze, restore, enhance, and certify digital image and video evidence. It allows investigators to better see blurry license plates or dark faces, as well as images taken in fog or sandstorms. This technology also enables users to stabilize a full motion video surveillance feed in hostile territories or analyze fingerprints and measurements in the environment, such as the height of a person or the length of a car. Amped FIVE also generates a technical report that validates the integrity of the evidence in order to be admissible in court.
Amped Authenticate is a software package for forensic image authentication and tamper detection on digital photos. It provides a suite of different tools to determine whether an image is an unaltered original, an original generated by a specific device, or the result of a manipulation with a photo editing software and thus may not be admissible as evidence.